The Concept of Traditional Islam in Modern Islamic Discourse in Russia, edited by Renat Bekkin
All the articles in the book include some consideration of the traditional Islam concept as an artificial construct promoted by the state to
designate their preferred model of state-confessional relations, in which
religious organisations and individual believers demonstrate their loyalty to the political regime. Organisations and believers who criticize the
state’s domestic and foreign policy can then be attributed by the authorities and the muftiates to the representatives of ‘non-traditional Islam’.